Blocking Special Files in Robots.txt

Google’s John Mueller answers a query about making use of robots.txt to block unique information, which includes .css and .htacess.

This subject was talked over in some element in the most up-to-date version of the Inquire Google Website owners movie series on YouTube.

Right here is the question that was submitted:

“Regarding robots.txt, ought to I ‘disallow: /*.css$’, ‘disallow: /php.ini’, or even ‘disallow: /.htaccess’?”

In reaction, Mueller suggests Google can’t end website proprietors from disallowing people documents. Although it is surely not advisable.

“No. I can’t disallow you from disallowing those files. But that sounds like a negative notion. You point out a several specific situations so let us just take a search.”

In some conditions blocking specific files is basically redundant, though in other instances it could very seriously effect Googlebot’s capability to crawl a website.

Here’s an explanation of what will come about when just about every type of unique file is blocked.

Relevant: How to Address Stability Hazards with Robots.txt Information

Blocking CSS

Crawling CSS is definitely critical as it makes it possible for Googlebot to correctly render pages.


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Web-site entrepreneurs could feel it is necessary to block CSS files so the data files really do not get indexed on their have, but Mueller claims that commonly doesn’t happen.

Google requires the file no matter, so even if a CSS file ends up finding indexed it will not do as a great deal hurt as blocking it would.

This is Mueller’s reaction:

“‘*.css’ would block all CSS files. We will need to be in a position to obtain CSS files so that we can adequately render your pages.

This is significant so that we can realize when a webpage is cellular-helpful, for example.

CSS data files normally will not get indexed on their own, but we need to have to be in a position to crawl them.”

Blocking PHP

Working with robots.txt to block php.ini is not needed for the reason that it’s not a file that can be commonly accessed in any case.

This file really should be locked down, which prevents even Googlebot from accessing it. And that is flawlessly great.

Blocking PHP is redundant, as Mueller explains:


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“You also pointed out PHP.ini – this is a configuration file for PHP. In general, this file need to be locked down, or in a exclusive spot so no person can access it.

And if no person can access it then that consists of Googlebot as well. So, yet again, no have to have to disallow crawling of that.”

Blocking htaccess

Like PHP, .htaccess is a locked down file. That means it can not be accessed externally, even by Googlebot.

It does not require to be disallowed for the reason that it just cannot be crawled in the 1st location.

“Finally, you mentioned .htaccess. This is a exclusive command file that are unable to be accessed externally by default. Like other locked down data files you do not need to explicitly disallow it from crawling considering the fact that it can’t be accessed at all.”

Similar: Ideal Procedures for Location Up Meta Robots Tags & Robots.txt

Mueller’s Suggestions

Mueller capped off the online video with a several shorter words and phrases on how site proprietors really should go about creating a robots.txt file.

Internet site proprietors are inclined to run into complications when they copy another site’s robots.txt file and use it as their have.

Mueller advises towards that. In its place, consider critically about which sections of your internet site you do not want to be crawled and only disavow these.

“My suggestion is to not just reuse an individual else’s robots.txt file and believe it’ll operate. As an alternative, feel about which components of your site you definitely really do not want to have crawled and just disallow crawling of those people.”

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